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Full text of "Pennsylvania Museum Bulletin. Number 45, January 1914"

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BULLETIN °ft''- 
PENNSYLV\NIA 

MUSEUM&2^ 

MEMORIAL • HALL 

RMRMOUNT- PARK 

PHILADELPHIA 




SBBSCRIPTION $ l.0OAYEAa» 

PUBLISHED ♦QUARTERLY- BY 
THE- PENNSHMNIA-MUSEUM 
AND-saiOOL'OF-INDUSTIML-ART 

JANUARY 1914 



••r^wi/ihlw.^ii.^M.'i.mssisffsst^asssaisissiasssr 



I 



t Eatc-Jod, Xngost 87, 1903, at Pbiladelphi*, Pa., u 3««ond-ClaM Matter, under Act ot Congre« of July 16, 189* 



PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 

AND SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL ART 



£oar^ of trustees 

The Governor of the State, Ex-Oj. The Mayor of the City, Br-0/. 

Charles Bond Charles H. Harding John T. Morris 

James Butterworth Mrs. John Harrison John W. Pepper 

John G. Carruth Thomas Skelton Harrison Theodore C. Search 

Charles E. Dana John Story Jenks Edgar V. Seeler 

Thomas Dolan John H. McFadden Edward T. Stotesbury 

Harrington Fitzgerald John D. McIlhenny William Wood 



©fficcrs 



THEODORE C. SEARCH, Prestti«f< 
JOHN STORY JENKS. \ _.. ^ .^ ^ 
JOHN G. CARRUTH. y^'^-P^'^^^dmU 

JAMES BUTTERWORTH, Treasurer 
EDWIN ATLEE BARBER, Secretary 
LESLIE W. MILLER, Principal of the School 



EDWIN ATLEE BARBER, Editor 



^Bulletin 



for 3anuan? IDineteen 1Kun^rc^ anl> fourteen 
CONTENTS 

fAva 

An Ancient Sarcophagus . . . . ' 1 

Chinese Jades, by Edwin A. Barber 5 

Heraldic Silver in the C. Hartman Kuhn Collection, by Mrs. Cornelius 

Stevenson 8 

Peasant Fumitiire from the Austrian Tyrol 12 

Special Museum Fimd 13 

Notes . 14 

Accessions 17 

Museum Information . 18 



BULLETIN 

OF 

THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 

JANUARY, 1914 TWELFTH YEAR Number 45 

AN ANCIENT SARCOPHAGUS 

In the precedinjr number of the Museum Bulletin, reference was made to 
a carved stone sarcophaj^s recently placed in Memorial Hall, through the Com- 
missioners of Fairmount Park, by the Board of City Trusts. This ancient 
monument is of marble and measures about seven and one-half feet in length 
bv three feet in width. It was brought to this country from S^'ria by Com- 
modore Jesse Duncan Elliott, who obtained it while commanding the Medi- 
terranean squadron in 1837 and with other property it was placed under the 
control of the Building Committee of Girard College by a resolution of Com- 
mon and Select Councils of Philadelphia, passed January 20, 1842, as part of 
a collection of antiques, coins, and miscellaneous articles presented to the 
College by Commodore Elliott. In this list the following statement refers to 
this sculpture; 

"An ancient marble sarcophagus obtained at Syria in 1837, and brought 
to this country in the U. S. Ship Constitution. . . . This interesting relic of 
antiquitv is of Roman origin, and is believed to date as high as the second 
century; it was found about three-fourths of a mile from the present City of 
Beyrout, in a north-easterly direction, where once stood the ancient City of 
Beritus." 

The College authorities prepared a label for this object, which contained 
the following information: 

THIS S.ARCOPH.AGUS 

WAS BROUGHT FROM 

BEYROUT IN SYRIA 

AND PRESENTED TO 

GIRARD COLLEGE 

BY 

COMMODORE ELLIOTT, U. S. N. 



2 BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 

Translated the inscription reads : 

JULIA DAUGHTER OF 

CAIUS MAMAEA 

LIVED THIRTY YEARS 

THIS SURNAME MAMAEA DENOTES 

ONE OF THOSE WHOM THE ROMAN EMPEROR 

ALEXANDER SEVERUS ADOPTED, PROVIDED 

FOR AND NAMED IN HONOR OF HIS MOTHER 

JULIA MAMAEA 

ITS DATE MUST BE WITHIN A FEW YEARS 

OF A. D. 240. 

It is interesting to note in this connection that another carved stone coffin 
was brought to this country by Commodore Elliott and now occupies a site in 
the grounds of the Smithsonian Institution. The accompanying illustration of 
this companion tomb has been furnished by Mr. Herbert S. Bryant of Wash- 
ington. The following excerpts relative to this object are taken from the 
publications of the Smithsonian Institution and National Museum: 

This sarcophagus was removed from elevated grounds in the rear of 
Beirut, Syria, and embarked on the United States frigate Constitution, the 
flagship of the Mediterranean squadron in 1839. Who the occupant was, or 
what his position, is a subject of pure conjecture, though it has been supposed 
to have been the last resting place of a Roman Emperor. 

It was placed in the Patent Office, Washington, by Commodore Jesse D. 
Elliott, U. S. Navy, and offered to General Andrew Jackson as a tomb for the 
deposit of his remains. The General, however, did not accept the honor, the 
following interesting correspondence taking place on the subject: 

Hermitage, March 27, 1845. 
Commodore J. D. Elliott, 

United States Navy. 

My DEAR Sir: — Your letter of the 18th instant, together with the copy of the proceed- 
ings of the National Institute, furnished me by their corresponding secretary, on the presenta- 
tion by you of the sarcophagus for their acceptance, on condition that it shall be preserved, 
and in honor of my memory, have been received and are now before me. 

Although laboring under great debility and affliction, from a severe attack, from which 
I may not recover, I raise my pen, and endeavor to reply. The steadiness of my nerves may 
perhaps lead you to conclude my prostration of strength is not as great as here expressed; 
strange as it may appear, my nerves are as steady as they were forty years gone by, whilst 
from debility and affliction I am gasping for breath. 

I have read the whole proceedings of the presentation by you of the sarcophagus, and 
the resolution passed by the board of directors so honorable to my fame, with sensations and 
feelings more easily to be conjectured than by me e.xpressed. The whole proceedings call 
for my most grateful thanks, which are hereby tendered to you, and through you, to the 
President and Directors of the National Institute. But, with the warmest sensations that 
can inspire a grateful heart, I must decline accepting the honor intended to be bestowed. 
I cannot consent that my mortal body shall be laid in a repository prepared for an emperor 
or a king. My republican feelings and principles forbid it; the simplicity of our system of 
Government forbids it. Every monument erected to perpetuate the memory of our heroes 
and statesmen ought to bear evidence of the economy and simplicity of our republican insti- 
tutions, and the plainness of our republican citizens, who are the sovereigns of our glorious 
Union, and whose virtue is to perpetuate it. True virtue cannot exist where pomp and 
parade are the governing passions; it can only dwell with the people, the great laboring and 
producing classes, that form the bone and sinew of our Confederacy. 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 3 

For these reasons I cannot accept the honor you, and the President and Directors of the 
National Institute, intended to bestow. I cannot permit my remains to be the first in these 
United States to be deposited in a sarcophagus made for an emperor or king. I again repeat 
it, please accept for yourself, and convey to the President and Directors of the National Insti- 
tute, my most profound respects for the honor you and they intended to bestow. I have 
prepared a humble depository for my mortal body beside that wherein lies my beloved wife, 
where, without any pomp or parade, I have requested, when my God calls me to sleep with 
my fathers, to be laid, for both of us there to remain until the last trumpet sounds to call 
the dead to judgment, when we, I hope, shall rise together, clothed with that heavenly body 
promised to all who believe in our glorious Redeemer, who died for us that we might live, and 
by whose atonement I hope for a blessed immortality. 

I am, with great respect, your friend and fellow-citizen, 

Andrew J.\ckson. 



Anxient Stone Sarcophagus 
In Memorial Hall, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Navy Yard, 
Philadelphia, 8th April, 1845. 
To the President and Directors 

of the National Institute. 
Gentlemen: — The interest which the National Institute has been pleased to take in 
the eventual bestowment of the remains of the honored Andrew Jackson in the sarcophagus 
which I brought from abroad and deposited in your Institute, makes it my business now to 
communicate to you a copy of his letter of the 27th ultimo lately received, on that subject. 

With sentiments so congenial to his strict republicanism, and in accordance indeed with 
the republican feelings common to ourselves, he takes the ground of repugnance to connect- 
ing his name and fame in any way with imperial associations. 

We cannot but honor the sentiments which have ruled his judgment in the case, for they 



4 BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 

are such as must add to the lustre of his character. We subscribe to them ourselves, and 
while we yield to their force, we may still be permitted to continue our regard to the enduring 
marble, as to an ancient and classic relic, a curiosity in itself, and particularly in this country 
as the first of its kind seen in our Western Hemisphere. 

From it we would deduce the moral, that, while we would disclaim the pride, pomp, and 
circumstance of imperial pageantry as unfitting our institutions and professions, we would 
sedulously cherish the simple republican principles of reposing our fame and honors in the 
hearts and affections of our countrymen. 

I have now, in conclusion, to say, that as the sarcophagus was originally presented with 
the suggestion of using it as above mentioned, I now commit it wholly to the Institute as 
their own and sole property, exempt from any condition. 

I am, very respectfully, yours, &c. Jesse Duncan Elliott. 




Ancient Stone Sarcophagus 
In the Grounds of the National Museum, Washington, D. C. 

Andrew Jackson died on June 8, 1845, and Commodore Jesse Duncan 
Elliott died in December of the same year. The latter was second in command 
under Captain (afterwards Commodore) Perry at the battle of Lake Erie, 
September 10, 1813, commanding the ship Niagara, and a month later suc- 
ceeded Perry in command of the squadron. E. A. B. 

The word sarcophagus, according to Pliny', was applied to a stone found 
at Assos in the Troad, which, if dead bodies were deposited in it, ate up their 

■' 124.-6,357. 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 5 

substance, all but the teeth, in forty days. The stone has been supposed to 
be some variety of alum. However this may be, as among the oldest nations 
who used the sarcophagus it was intended to preserve, not to destroy, the 
body, it would seem somewhat of a misnomer if taken in the literal sense of the 
word. In Egypt sarcophagi are found in very early times, and thence their 
use passed over to the peoples of the Mediterranean. They were usually 
in form of a house, as is the present example. Cyprus, Etruria, notably the 
coast of Asia Minor, and vSyria have yielded some remarkable specimens in 
which the highest art has been brought to bear upon the last resting place of 
the dead. 

Everyone knows of the superb sarcophagi now in the Ottoman Museum 
of Constantinople, which were discovered near Sidon by Hamdi-Bey and 
described by Theodore Reinach in the latter half of the last century, when the 
beautiful coloring still vividly brought out the quality and relief of the sculp- 
tures. Indeed, even now the splendor of those monuments still remains. One 
was at first spoken of as that of Alexander the Great, but the attribution has 
been abandoned. The one known as "Les Pleureuses" is probably the best 
known of the series, and its beauty of thought and execution have been cele- 
brated in verse by the late Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, who visited the Ottoman 
Museum under the spell of his own bereavement after his young daughter's 
death, and wrote what is probably his finest poem. 

The sarcophagus, now deposited in this Museum, was originally colored and 
the flat creamy or yellowish groundwork still remains, although if the decora- 
tion was ever polychrome, no traces of the colors have survived on the bulls' 
and sheep's heads, the rosettes and winding streamers that unite the garlands, 
or the leaves that depend therefrom, and that, were it not for the dust that in 
the course of eighteen centuries has accumulated on the reliefs, accentuating 
them in black, would be monochrome. S. Y. S. 



CHINESE JADES 

The Musevun has come into possession of a valuable group of Chinese 
jades, purchased with funds presented by the late Miss Anna Blanchard a few 
months before her death. The collection consists of an archaic vase or beaker 
of rectangular form, a covered vase of yellow jade, and a scholar's study set of 
three pieces of green jade. 

What is popularly known as jade (Chinese yu) is termed nephrite by 
scientific mineralogists. It is a silicate of lime and magnesia and is somewhat 
harder than feldspar. Jadeite, which in appearance is not readily distinguish- 
able from jade, is in reality an entirely different mineral, a silicate of sodium 
and aluminium, being slightly harder than nephrite, and considerably heavier. 
While the jades, or nephrites, are usually green in color, the result of more or 
less iron in the composition, they often possess a gray, green, yellow, blue or red 
tone, and the most highly valued variety in China is that which in appearance 
suggests the peculiar translucid white of mutton fat, in which no coloring 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 



impurities are present. Jadeite is often brighter in color and more translucent 
than nephrite, apple green and lavender being particularly characteristic. One 
of the most highly esteemed varieties is white or transparent, with veinings of 
emerald green. 

The early, or archaic jade, attributed by dealers and some collectors to the 

Sung dynasty (960- 
1280 A. D.), is gen- 
erally known as tomb 
jade. The Chinese 
call it han yu, or han 
jade, that is to say, 
jade which was held 
in the mouth, for the 
reason that formerly 
objects of similar jade 
were placed on the 
tongues of deceased 
persons before burial. 
This archaic variety 
of jade is usually of 
a yellowish gray color, 
resembling the stea- 
tite used by the Chi- 
nese for carved figures, 
and frequently con- 
tains many impurities, 
which produce a brown 
mottled and streaked 
effect. The surface is 
frequently softened by 
long burial. The tall 
square beaker-shaped 
vase, recently acquired 
by the Museum, is 
of this character. On 
each of the four sides 
is carved in low relief 
on the central projec- 
tion a grotesque face, 
the nose being repre- 
sented by the conven- 
tionalized ju-i sceptre 
head, which latter ornament also appears again in the upper section of the 
side. Below is a band containing an incised fret design beneath which are 
leaf-shaped motives, each one containing a smaller sceptre head. 

The other examples of the group are of the Ch'ien-Lung reign (1736-95), 
a period during which much of the best work in jade was executed. The cov- 



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Archaic Jade Vase at Left 
Yellow Jade Vase with Cover at Right 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 7 

ered vase is of the rare greenish yellow tint. Until recently this variety of 
nephrite was only found in detached pieces, but in 1891 it was discovered in 
situ in the province of Kansu. This unusual piece is carved in low relief with 
design of strapwork terminating in conventionalized heads of the dragon and 
phoenix. 




Green Jade Scholar's Altar Set 
On Carved Wooden Stand 



The scholar's altar set consists of the usual three pieces, an incense burner 
on four feet, a slender vase for holding the incense tools, and a covered box to 
hold the incense. They are made of dark green nephrite and are elaborately 
carved with a strapwork and dragon design in low relief. The cover of the 
incense burner is surmounted with a coiled dragon, the whole being supported 
by an exquisitely carved jade stand with intricate openwork design. 

E. A. B. 



8 BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 

HERALDIC SILVER IN THE C. HARTMAN KUHN 

COLLECTION 

There is now exhibited at Memorial Hall, at the entrance to the East 
Gallery in a case by itself, a small collection of old silver belonging to Mr. C. 
Hartman Kuhn and deposited by him. The collection consists of twenty-three 




Silver P.\ten 
Made by John Martin Stocker and Edward Peacock, London, 1705 

pieces of silverware, heirlooms in his family, many of them of the eighteenth 
century, made by English and American silversmiths most of whom have 
been identified. Among these are some important pieces bearing the coats of 
arms or the crests of the Hamilton family and of other families of Scottish 
origin with which the Hamiltons and through them the Kuhns are allied. It 
is greatly to be regretted that a certain republican indifference on the part of 
the American family should have allowed important clues to be lost. For 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 9 

instance, it would be interesting to know something of the Hamilton ancestor 
who was among the first Knights of the Thistle when the order was re-estab- 
lished by Queen Anne (1703), and to whom belonged a certain paten made by- 
John Martin Stocker and Edward Peacock, of London (1705-16). It is a 
handsome old piece, plain with a coat of arms in the center, the supports of 
which are (left) a plumed knight in armor and (right) a lady holding a chal- 
lenge. Between is a quartered "shield plain and fleur de lys, surrounded with 




Silver Tray 
By Abercrombie, England, 1740 



device of the Order of the Thistle;" "Nemo me impune lascessit" (No one 
impugns me with impunity). The Order of the Thistle is very old. It was 
revived in 1687 King James II and re-established by Queen Anne in 1703. It 
consists of the Sovereign and sixteen Knights. 

A tray of silver, old English, is also engraved in the center with a coat of 
arms. The crest is a bull's head between and over spread wings set above a 



10 BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 

helmet. Two medallions, one a heart with three hearts around circle, the 
other an eagle rampant and bull's head. The Earls of Loudoun', in whose 
arms occur the bull's head, belong to the Argyll connection. Their coat of 
arms has for support a woman bearing a letter of challenge. Baron Dunleath 
(Henry Lyle MulhoUand) has for his crest a scallop, and the support of his coat 
of arms, a lion, holds in his mouth a trefoil. As the Lyle family through the mar- 
riage of one of its daughters with Andrew Hamilton is a link in the connection, 
it is likely that this piece may have come down through the Lyles. Be this as 
it may, the tray with arms engraved in center was made by Abercrombie in 
England in 1740. 

A pair of interesting tankards are of American manufacture, having been 
made by John Myers, a silversmith who flourished in Philadelphia in 1796. 
These are engraved on the lids with the arms and crest of the Hamiltons. The 
crest, a ducal coronet, or a mount vert, and issuing therefrom an oak tree 
penetrated transversally in the stem by a frame-saw proper frame argent. 
Motto: "Through." The star that occurs in the quartering probably belongs 
to the Douglas arms. Douglas, Earl of Angus (1389) son of William by 
Margaret Stuart, Countess of Angus and Mar. Marquis of Douglas 1633; 
Duke, 1703; the title expired 1761 when the Marquisate went to the Duke of 
Hamilton. The first Marquis was the first who crowned the heart in his coat 
of arms. In the original arms, the heart was uncrowned, as it is in the coat 
of arms ofi the tray. It would therefore seem that the trefoil found in the 
quartering and the scallop crest belong to the Lyle family, while the star and 
the heart in quarterings are there through the Douglas connection. 

A certain Charles Thomson told Mrs. D. Logan, who so informed Watson^ 
that when young he frequently talked with persons who had known Penn. He 
remembered conversing with Mrs. Lyle, who had come over with the first 
expedition. After reaching Chester the whole fleet of vessels proceeded to 
Burlington. Her vessel being slow lagged behind. She arrived at the point 
now Philadelphia, and as it was night and the channel was unknown and rug- 
ged, they made the boat fast to a tree for the night. Next morning they 
reached the Schuylkill. The Captain on his return said so much about the 
site for a town that, as coloidsts came to Burhngton several leading men with 
Penn visited the spot which became Philadelphia. This same Mrs. Lyle, when 
asked why her husband, who could choose any spot, chose Dock Creek, replied 
that it was due to the beautiful stream which allowed of vessels coming close 
under their bake-house, then below Second street. 

Meantime John Christopher Kuhn of Wurtemberg, bom at Furfeld in 
1684, sailed with his family on the ship "Hope" and came to live in Pennsyl- 
vania in 1732. He was naturalized in 1747. He first resided in Germantown, 
then in Berks, where he died in 1754. His son Adam Simon Kuhn removed to 
Lancaster and was naturalized in 1744. A physician of note, he became Chief 
Burgess, Commissioner of Justice of Lancaster County Courts (1752-70), and 
Delegate to the Provincial Convention at Philadelphia in 1775. His son, Dr. 
Adam Kuhn, who married Elizabeth Hartman, widow of Francis Markoe, was 

' Burke's Peerage, p. 1 160. 
- Watson's Annals, p. 53. 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 



11 



a noted scientist, a correspondent of Linnaeus, and Professor of Materia 
Medica in the College of Pennsylvania. It was his son who married Ellen Lyle 
in 1818. She was a daughter of James Lyle of Ireland, whose wife was Ann, 
daughter of Andrew and Abigail Hamilton of Philadelphia. It seems to be 
through these marriages that the interesting collection of silver now at Memo- 
rial Hall directly or indirectly was derived and entered the possession of the 
Kuhn family. 

A handsome plain paten made by Thomas Mason, London, 1727, is in the 





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SiLV'ER Tray .\nd Tankard 

collection, marked with the initials E. L., and a large cake basket bears the 
interlaced monogram C. E. H. K., made by Robert Garrard, London, 1810. 

The issue of Hartman and Ellen Lyle Kuhn was Mary, who married in 
1842 her first cousin, Hartman Kuhn, son of Charles and Elizabeth B. Yard 
Kuhn, to whom belonged a charming waiter with monogram which forms a 
part of the series. 

This little collection, which originally was very kindly lent by Mr. C. 
Hartman Kuhn to the Pennsylvania Museum simply with a view to exhibiting 
the workmanship of eighteenth century English and American silversmiths, 
has, as shown above, somewhat unexpectedly assumed a serious genealogical 
value which an expert in heraldry might be able to develop in interesting detail. 

S. Y. S. ■ 



I 



12 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 



PEASANT FURNITURE FROM THE AUSTRIAN TYROL 

Some interesting peasant furniture has been recently placed in the Peasant 
Room from the Austrian Tyrol which was secured by the Museum about a year 
ago. This furniture was purchased in Innsbruck by Mrs. James Mifflin and 
presented to the Museimi during the past summer. Among the objects received 
are a wedding chest with painted designs representing biblical scenes, and 
bearing the name Mikael and the date 1842. The chest itself appears 




P.\ixTED Marriage Chest 
From the Austrian Tyrol 



to be of a considerably earlier period and is said to have been repainted when 
the daughter of the family manied in that 3'ear. 

Among the other objects placed in the Tyrolese room are a small chest 
elaborately painted with colored designs, a curious little spinning wheel and 
distaff, a shrine, an earthenware benitier, a carved wooden crucifix, a whet- 
stone holder of carved and painted wood for hanging on the belt of the mower 
(see illustration), a very curious little bellows (also shown in the illustration) 
which may have been used for fanning the flames of the fire, and which is quite 
similar to the small bellows used by the aristocracy of the eighteenth century 
for powdering wigs. 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 



13 



A wooden chair with elaborately carved, painted and gilded back in shell 
form is also among the objects presented by Mrs. Mifflin, as are also two 
carved figures elevated on poles, representing St. Florian and St. Sebastian, 
and which have been placed at the sides of the entrance to the Tyrolese 
interior. 

On the wall of the apartment in which the Tyrolese room has been erected, 
has been recently installed the collection of peasants' knives, forks and spoons, 
which were described in the preceding number of the Bulletin. 




Carved Wood Whetstone Sheath 

Carved Wood Crucifix 
Bellows used in Powdering Wigs 



SPECIAL MUSEUM FUND 

Among the objects recently purchased with the Special Museum Fuiid, 
which is raised every year by subscription for the purpose of adding to the 
Museum collections, is a fine example of eighteenth century embroidery in 
the form of a French court coat, of plum-colored cut velvet, belonging to the 
period of Louis XVI. The embroidery, in colored silks, is most elaborate, 



14 BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 



Embroidered Coat of the Louis XVI Period 

extending down the two sides and across the collar, and around the ends of the 
sleeves. Panels of needlework also extend down the middle of the back, 
while the broad flaps of the side pockets are entirely covered with work of a 
similar pattern. The cuffs are edged with fine old lace. The Museum's col- 
lection of old English, French and American costumes contains numerous rare 
and beautiful examples. 



NOTES 

Attendance — The attendance at the Museum for the quarter ending 
December 31, 1913, was 63,879. The total attendance during the year 1913 

was 326,152. 

* * * 

Leaded Glass — An interesting and instructive exhibit, to illustrate the 
processes of making stained glass, has been prepared by Mr. Nicola D'Ascenzo, 
of the D'Ascenzo Studios, Philadelphia, and placed on exhibition in the South- 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 15 

east Pavilion, near the collection of Swiss stained glass. The exhibit com- 
mences with a colored drawing of the panel to be made, followed by glass panels 
of similar size showing the original colored drawing, the first tracings for pat- 
terns, the paper patterns cut out, the glass of various colors cut to the paper 
patterns, the same with etched designs, the outlined designs painted and fired, 
the finished painting not fired, the finished painting fired, the finished piece in 
process of glazing, and finally the finished leaded panel. In the same case are 
exhibited the various tools used in making leaded glass, and the leads of various 
sizes for glazing. The exhibit is complete, as it shows every stage of the pro- 
cess, and in connection with the valuable collection of Swiss stained glass of 
the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries exhibited in the windows of the same 
room, will be of great value to students who are interested in this beautiful art. 



WiLSTACH Gallery — Only one picture has been added to the Wilstach 
Gallery during the past summer. It is a four figure painting by Le Nain and is 
called "The Reprimand." A man standing in a doorway is pointing his finger 
at a little girl, while next to her stands a boy with a flagon in his arms and a 
broad smile on his face, and beyond him is another boy who is pointing at him, 
as though to say it was not the little girl but the boy who is the culprit. It is 
an unusually good example of the artists who are coming more and more into 
vogue each year. 



Arundel Prints — The large collection of reproductions of old masters, 
published bj^ the Arundel Society of London, are about to be reinstalled in 
swinging frames on three large stands, to be placed in the Rotunda. By this 
arrangement the pictures will be condensed into the smallest possible space, 
will be more accessible to the public, and will be better lighted and at the same 
time will be protected from the direct rays of light and the possibility of fading. 
The artists will be arranged alphabetically, so that the works of any painter 
may be found without difficulty. 



Chinese Porcelains — ^A loan collection of Chinese porcelains, owned by 
Mrs. Edward G. Low, of Brookline, Mass., has been installed in two large cases 
in the East Gallery. The collection, while limited in extent, contains some 
rare and valuable examples of the K'ang-hsi, Yung-cheng, Ch'ien-lung, and 
following reigns. Of particular interest is a large celadon vase or jar with 
elaborate floriated and foliated decoration incised and carved in the paste 
before glazing. In addition to the porcelains is a fine large green jade vase 
and an enormous cloisonne jar-shaped vase of the Ming dynasty. A fish bowl 
or porcelain aquarium, in K'ang-hsi colors, and a blue and white bowl of Fen- 
ting crackled porcelain are worthy of special notice, as are also two striking 
baluster-shaped vases painted with black and white figure designs. The col- 
lection will remain on exhibition for several weeks. 



16 BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 

Japanese Antiquities — Mayor and Mrs. Rudolph Blankenburg have 
presented some remarkable antiquities from Japan, among which are a collec- 
tion of coins and a small model of an ancient temple. The coins, which are 
of extreme rarity, are contained in two frames, and consist of silver and gold 
pieces of various sizes and shapes, — square, circular, elliptical, and lanceolate, — 
several of the oblong specimens measuring fully six inches in length. The 
majority of the specimens date from the sixteenth century to the middle of the 
nineteenth, while a few are of earlier periods, some of them being claimed by 
Japanese students to date back to the twelfth century. It would be quite 
impossible to gather together such a collection in Japan to-day, since the larger 
coins have been withdrawn from circulation and re-coined to meet the present 
demand for smaller pieces. 

The wooden model is a copy of an ancient temple at Narita, near Tokio, 
and is itself of considerable age. It stands on a tall carved wooden pedestal in 
the Oriental Furniture room near the northeast corner of the building. 



School Notes — There are now registered in the Art Department, one 
hundred and twenty-five more pupils than at this time last season. The 
increase has been chiefly in the Saturday and evening classes, the students 
being principally teachers in the public schools. 

Mr. Yellin, the instructor in wrought iron, has received several large 
orders: For the new residence of Mr. Frick in New York City, the Morgan 
Memorial of Hartford, Conn., and various minor commissions. 

The regular yearly reception to new students of the School was given by 
the Alumni Association, November 15th, at which Mr. Charles Winter Bailey, 
accompanied by Mr. Edward Biddle Halsey, gave a song recital. 

Traveling exhibits of the school work have been sent out upon request 
of the Chamber of Commerce of Richmond, Va., the State College of Iowa, 
the State College of Pennsylvania, the Art Director of the New York City 
Schools, the Public Schools of Sahdo, Col., Phoenixville, Pa., Camden, N. J., 
and the Northeast High School for Girls, Philadelphia. 

Mrs. Astor and Mrs. Lawrence presented the collection of 1,700 photo- 
graphs of their brother, the late J. R. Barton Willing. They are chiefly of 
architectural subjects, and works of art. 

The twenty-four volumes of illustrated "Lives of the Old Masters," which 
were acquired by the Association in September, were the gift of Mrs. Samuel 
Spackman. 

The eleventh annual meeting of the Alumni Association was held at the 
School December 11th. 

An exhibit of school work was made in the Crozer Building for three 
weeks. Several enrolments in the day, evening and Saturday classes resulted 
therefrom. A similar exhibit at Camden Y. M. C. A. for two weeks was 
viewed by over a thousand people on one day. 

At present an exhibit is being prepared for the city of Richmond, Va., 
which city desires to organize a School of Industrial Art on lines similar to 
those of our own School. 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 



17 



ACCESSIONS 

October — December, 1913 



CLASS 



Carvings 



Ceramics 



Coins and Medals 



Furniture and 
Woodwork 



Glass 



Goldsmiths' and 
Silversmiths' 
Work 



Metalwork 



Musical In- 
struments 
Paintings 
Textiles 



Miscellaneous 



OBJECT 



HOW ACQUIRED 



Scholar's Altar Set of Green Jade. Chinese, Ch'ien- 

Lung Period 

Square Vase, Gray Jade, Chinese. Sung Dynasty . . 
Carved Vase, Yellow Jade, Chinese, Ch'ien-Lung 

Period 

121 Carved Chessmen 

Small Red Cinnabar Lacquer Box, Elaborately 

Carved, Chinese. Ch'ien-Lung Period 

Cinnabar Lacquer Pipe Case, Japanese, Early 

Nineteenth Century 

18 Pieces of Pottery and Porcelain of Various 

Countries 

2 Hard Paste Biscuit Porcelain Plaques, Berlin, 

Germany. 1 785-86 

Pair of French Porcelain Vases, Pottery Cup and 

Saucer, Chinese 

Pottery Benitier, Austrian, 1720-30 

54 Pieces of Porcelain— French, English, German. 
Russian, Dutch, etc 

104 Gold and Silver Coins. Old Japanese. Given 
by Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph Blankenburg 

Tall Hall Clock, made by Jacob Saleda, Bucks 
County. Pa., c. 1800 

Large Oak Table. American 

2 Carved and Painted Wooden Chairs, Tyrolese, 
1740-1800 

Spinning Wheel and Distaff, Tyrolese, c. 1740. . . 

Painted Wooden Box, Austrian, 1771 

Bellows, Tyrolese, Old 

Wooden Box for Wool, Tyrolese, 1800 

Wood Carving, Crucifix. Tyrolese. 1774 

Painted Wooden Case for Whetstone, Tyrolese. 
1740-50 

Painted Wooden Chest. Tyrolese. 1770 

Wooden Box, with Painted Figure Scene. Penn- 
sylvania-German, Late Eighteenth Century.. 

2 Ivory Chairs 

3 Wooden Cake Moulds. Swiss, Nineteenth Cen- 
tury 

Model of Temple at Narita, near Tokio, Japan. 

Given by Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph Blankenburg . . 

36 Pieces of Glass 

2 Pressed Glass Cup Plates, made at the Sandwich 
Glass Works. Sandwich. Mass 

Pokal, Blue Cameo Cut Glass. Bohemia. 1876. , . 

3 Pairs of Gold Ear-Rings, Roman, French, and 
Spanish, 1 875 

Small Mother-of-Pearl Box for Butter Taster, 
American 

2 Pairs of Ear-Rings. Pair of Silver Buckles, 
Brooch, Bracelet, Gold Tooth-Pick, and Bou- 
quet Holder 

4 Watches and 51 Keys, Gold and Silver 

5 Silver Spoons. American, Early Nineteenth 
Century 

2 Pairs of Bronze and Glass Candelabra 

Brass Furniture Ornament, French Empire Style. 
Steel Knife with Incised Bone Handle, Tyrolese, 

1 740-60 

Iron Candlestick. Tyrolese, 1640. Cloisonn6 

Enamel Vase. Japanese 

Bronze Medal. Wilson's Inauguration, March 4. 

1913 

Japanese Musical Instrument. Given by Mr. and 

Mrs. Rudolph Blankenburg 

Icon, Silver and Gilt Frame, Modern Russian. ... 

15 Silk and Crocheted Bags I 

2 Pieces of Old Printed Chintz J 

Linen Sampler, Cross-Stitched in Silk 

16 Dolls 

Model of Small Boat. Peruvian 

Leather Belt. Tyrolese, 1746 



Purchased with money given by Miss 
Anna Blanchard. 

Lent by Mr. James F. Magee, Jr. 

> By Purchase. 

Lent by Dr. Edwin AtLee Barber. 

Given by Mrs. Hampton L. Carson. 

Lent by the Fairmount Park Art Asso- 
ciation. 
Given by Mrs. James Mifflin. 

Given by Rev. Alfred Duane Pell. 

Lent by the School of Industrial Art. 

Given by Mrs. C. E. Warner. 

Given by Mrs. Andrew Ross Fillebrown 



Given by Mrs. James Mifflin. 



By Purchase. 

Given by Mr. T. Broom Belfield. 

Given by Mrs. Jones Wister. 

Lent by the School of Industrial Art. 
Lent by Dr. Edwin AtLee Barber. 

Given by Mrs. Alice Follansbee. 
Given by Mr. John T. Morri??. 

■ Given by Mrs. Thomas K. Conrad. 



Lent by the Fairmount Park Art Asso- 
ciation. 
Lent by Mr. Moyer Fleisher. 

Given by Mr. George W. Norris. 
Lent by the Fairmount Park Art Asso- 
ciation. 
Given by Mr. Karl J. Freund. 

Given by Mrs. James Mifflin. 

Lent by Mrs. Jones Wister, 

Lent by the Fairmount Park Art Asso- 
ciation. 

Lent by the School of Industrial Art. 
Bequest of Mrs. Rudolph Koradi. 

' Lent by Mrs. Hampton L. Carson. 

Given by Mrs. Thomas K. Conrad. 
Lent by Miss Mary E. Sinnott. 
Given by Mr. T. Broom Belfield. 
Given by Mrs. James Mifflin. 



18 



BULLETIN OF THE PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 



MEMBERSHIP 

The Trustees of the Pennsylvania Museum 
and School of Industrial Art desire the 
active co-operation of all public-spirited 
citizens who are known to be in sympathy 
with its educational work. All such persons 
are invited to become members. 

CLASSIFICATION OF MEMBERS 

Patrons — Those who contribute the sum 
of $5000 or more whether in money or 
objects for the Museum. 

Fellowship Members — Those who con- 
tribute $1000 at one time. 

Life Members — Those who contribute the 
sum of $100 or more at one time. 

Annual Members — Those who contribute 
not less than $10 yearly. 

The contributions received from Patrons 
($5000), and from Life Members ($100), are 
added to the permanent Endowment Fund. 
Contributions from Annual Members ($10) 
are used to the best advantage in the de- 
velopment of the Museum and the School. 

ADVANTAGES OF MEMBERSHIP 

All members are entitled to the following 
benefits : 

The right to vote and transact business 
at the Annual Meeting. 

Invitations to all general receptions and 
exhibitions held at the Museum and the 
School. 

Free access to the Museum and School 
Libraries and admission to all lectures. 

Also a copy of each of the following pub- 
lications : 

The Annual Report of the Corporation. 

The Annual Circulars of the School of 
Applied Art and the Philadelphia Textile 
School. ■ 

The Art Handbooks and Art Primers, 
issued from time to time by the Museum 
(a printed list of publications will be mailed 
to any member on application). 

The Illustrated Quarterly Bulletin of the 
Museum. 

A list of members is published each year 
in the Annual Report. 

Applications for membership, and remit- 
tances should be sent to The Secretary, 
P. M. & S. I. A., Memorial Hall, Fairmount 
Park, Philadelphia, Pa. 

HOURS OF ADMISSION 

The Museum is open, free to the pubHc, 
every day in the year. 
Opening Hours: 
Mondays at 12 M. 
Other Week Days at 9.30 A. M. 
Sundays at 1 P. M. 
Closing Hours: 

During the summer months, 5 P. M. 

(Sundays, 6 P. M.) 
During the winter months, a half hour 
before sunset. 



CATALOGUES, HANDBOOKS, ETC. 
(On sale at the South Entrance) 

Handbook of the Museum $0.25 

A Brief History of the Bayeux Tapestry . 10 
Cork Models of Windsor Castle, Tower 
of London, Westminster Abbey, 

Church of St. Peter, Rome 10 

The Great Seals of England 25 

Handbook of the Collection of Tulip 
Ware of the Pennsylvania-German 
Potters: 

Paper cover 1 . 00 

Large paper edition, Cloth 5 . 00 

Handbook of the Maiolica of Mexico: 

Paper cover 1.00 

Flexible Art Canvas 2 . 00 

Art Primer No. 3, Lead Glazed Pottery .50 
Art Primer No. 5, Tin Enameled Pot- 
tery 50 

Art Primer No. 6, Salt Glazed Stone- 
ware 50 

Art Primer No. 9, Hard Paste Porce- 
lain 50 

Art Primer No. 1 1 , Artificial Soft Paste 

Porcelain 50 

Bulletin of the Pennsylvania Museum 
(quarterly), per annum 1 . 00 



Friends of the Institution who desire 
to devise to it money should use the fol- 
lowing : 

Form of Bequest 

I give and bequeath unto the Pennsyl- 
vania Museum and School of Industrial Art 

the sum of....- dollars 

for the use of the said Corporation. 

Witnesses 



Form of Devise of Real Estate 

I give and devise unto the Pennsylvaiiia 
Museum and School of Industrial Art, its 
successors and assigns, all that certain (here 
insert a description of the property) for the 
use of the said Corporation. 



Witnesses.. 



PENNSYLVANIA MUSEUM 

AND SCHOOL OF INDUSTRIAL ART 

uusBQH coMHrrrss 

John Story Jenks, Chairman Edgas V. Seeler 

Thomas Skelton Harrison Edward T. Stotesbury 

John H. McFaddbn Mrs. W. T. Carter 

JOHN D. McIlhennt Mrs. W. D. Frishmuth 

OHN T. Morris Miss Fannie S. Mageb 

John W. Pepper Miss Elizabeth C. Roberts 
Mrs. Thomas Roberts, Ex-Ojfficio 

Edwin AtLee Barber, Director of the Mnseum 

Mrs. CoRNBuns Stevenson, Astistant Curator and Leeturtr 

HOnOBART COSATORS 

Textiles, Lace and Embroidery Mrs. John Harrison 

Oriental Pottery Mrs. Jones Wister 

European Porcelain Rev. Alfred Duane Pell 

Arms and Armor Cornelius Stevenson 

Furniture and Woodwork Gustav Ketterer 

Musical Instruments Mrs. W. D. Frishmuth 

Prints, Book Plates and Historic Seals Charles E. Dana 

Numismatics F. D. Langenhbim 

Sculpture, Marbles and Casts Alexander Stirling Calser 

IRSTKUCTIOH COMUITTEB 

Theodore C. Search, Chairman William Wood 

Charles Bond Mrs. Rodman B. Ellison 

Charles E. Dana Mrs. F. K. Hipple 

Charles H. Harding Mrs. Thomas Roberts 

Thomas Skelton Harrison Mrs. Joseph F. Sinnott 

John Story Jenks Mrs. C. Shillard Smith 

John D. McIlhenny Mrs. John Wister 

Edgar V. Seeler Mrs. Jones Wister 
Mrs. Thomas Roberts, Ex-Officio 

ASSOCUTB COMMITTEB OF WOHSR TO TBS BOARS OP TROSTEBS 

Piwldmt TiM-PrMiAent 

Mrs. Thomas Roberts 

Sacrataiy Ttaunrat 

Miss M. S. Hinchman Mrs. Joseph F. Sinnott 

Mrs. Edwin Swift Balch Miss Cornelia L. Ewing Mrs. James Mifflin 

Mrs. Rudolph Blankenburg Mrs. W. D. Frishmuth Mrs. Francis F. Milne 

Miss Louise W. Bodinb Mrs. W. W. Gibbs Miss Elizabeth C. Roberts 

Mrs. JasperYeatbsBrintonMrs. Henry S. Grove Miss Mary E. Sinnott 

Mrs. John H. Brinton Mrs. C. Leland Harrison Mrs. C. Shillard Smith 

Mrs. William T. Carter Mrs. John Harrison Mrs. Cornelius Stevenson 

Miss Margaret Clyde Mrs. P. K. Hipple Mrs. Edward T. Stotesbury 

Miss Margaret L. Corliss Mrs. J. L. Ketterlinus Mrs. Charlemagne Tower 

Miss Ada M. Crozer Miss Nina Lea Mrs. William H. Walbaum 

Mrs. David E. Dallam Mrs. Howard Longstrbth Mrs. John Wister 

Mrs. Rodman B. Ellison Miss Fannie S. Mageb Mrs. Jones Wistbr 
Countess Santa Eulalia Mrs. Arthur V. Meigs 

hohorart hbmbbr 
Mrs. M. Hampton Todd